Firstly, you should be familiar with the existing options. Second, specify your preferences and needs: you just want to replace a sink or globally change the design of the kitchen. To clarify for themselves these two questions, you can find the appropriate shell model.
Important points to consider when choosing a car wash:
- Lifestyle and intended type of operation plays a key role
- Take care more about functionality than on the form
- The size determines the size of the kitchen and the sink style (small shells for small kitchens)
- For larger shells may need bespoke furniture, because they are not suitable for finished furniture standard sizes
- It is necessary to determine in advance the right amount of holes for faucets sink in your future
What types of sinks are available now on the market:
- Corner / located near the Plum shell rear wall – there is more free space under the sink
- Sinks with several bowls of different depths for more functionality
- Built-in or removable cutting board and drain shelf, a low dividing wall between the cups for more “agility” in the sink
- Unique materials: concrete shells ready for more style and a combination of polymers and metal for easy care
Three main criteria for the classification of kitchen sinks
- Installation method – as it is installed and secured to the table top
- The configuration and size – with one or more cups, the total size
- The material – which is made from the shell
Determined on the basis of these three criteria, you can narrow down the search and focus on certain versions shell models from different manufacturers.
Usually, there are 3 ways to install sinks:
– Built-in (integrated)
Surface cleaning is easier to establish others. They are simply inserted into the recess on the surface of the base cabinets, and supported by the flanges sinks, are in favor of opening the border. The main drawback is the barrier between the surface of the countertop and the most bowl. You can not shake off the crumbs and remove excess fluid directly into the sink. All debris stuck on the edge of the sink edge.
Built-in (integrated) sink attached to the back of the countertop. They are either fixed on a special mount or bottom-supported special pedestal. You can pick up trash from the work surface directly into the sink without any obstacles. To install required clamping pliers and other mechanical fasteners. For heavier sinks embedded cast iron or stone require a well thought-out installation and support system.
Sinks made of artificial stone, combined with the same tops are another kind of recessed sinks, but can be installed in other ways. In this situation sink is glued to the inside of the artificial stone. The manufacturer then smoothes the joint between the two surfaces and the seam becomes invisible. An example of such washing is shown in the photo.
“Visibility” integrated washing determined by the degree of elevation of its ledges above countertop level. Positive “visibility” means that cleaning is only protrudes slightly over the top. Negative “visibility” means that a side edge of the heavily favored over the countertop level.
Mortise washing sinks are also called “tiled edging”. They are similar to an overhead cleaning, but they require a tile countertop. Tile countertops should flush coincide with the height of a side sink to eventually get a smooth transition. Usually between the edge of the sink and countertop has a connecting seam.
The configuration and size
- Configuration refers to a number of cleaning features: the number of bowls, the shape of the corners (straight or curved), the number of holes for faucets and so on. Size speaks for itself. And the size and shape are very important because they determine the usability and efficiency. It is best to choose a sink in accordance with the size of the kitchen and your lifestyle.
- For example, for a small kitchen is best suited wash small one bowl, while for the large kitchen sink can be purchased with several bowls of different depths as a chef.
Sink with several bowls of different depths
- You can buy a sink with one, two or three cups. The choice depends on further ispolzovaniya.Nekotorye sink two bowls occupy the same place on the surface countertops, as well as a sink with a large bowl. But wash three cups already takes much more space.
- Some buyers prefer large sink with a volume tric cup, and use the adjacent part of the countertop for drying dishes. Others choose Delhi for two bowls: one wash dishes in the other – dried.
- Depth bowls sinks may vary. Sinks into three bowls may consist of two large deep bowls and a smaller and less deep for washing products. This bowl is located in the center or from the side.
Multifunction car wash
Innovations in design sinks give them greater functionality. Due to the low separators bowls sink two bowls can be used as models with one (you can wash large-sized dishes without problems). Built-in shelves for slicing and drying allow to prepare food directly in the sink area. These shelves can be moved from side to side, or get out for convenience and car wash. So you do not abuse the part adjacent to the sink countertop.
In many washes plums arranged closer to the side or rear wall of the bowl. As a result, under the sink have more space, because the pipe is transferred inward. Depending on where the washer and how close to the back wall of furniture, you may still not be enough room for the recovery of waste.
Materials for car washes
This material is in great demand due to neutral, understated appearance and durability. The best steel for the manufacture of sinks one in which 18 percent chromium and 10 percent nickel. It is this structure makes it stainless steel, resistant to high temperatures and food acids. Pay attention to the thickness and metal processing. Well, if the thickness is 0.9-1.2 mm, and the entire washing (and not only the cup) is polished. stainless steel sinks may have a satin or mirror smooth surface. The combination of these treatments can give a sink functionality, while maintaining its aesthetics. Sinks of stainless steel “softer” sinks from harder materials, as an example of cast iron, and fallen to the bottom of dishes and glass remain intact.
Durability and longevity of the subject of good quality
It goes well with stainless steel appliances with
Thin washing can be very noisy and keep the form is bad
Each time after use, they should be cleaned with a sponge, if you do not want them to stay stains from water and detergents.
Scratches may appear, although they are less noticeable on the matte washes
For a long time, iron is considered a reliable material for sinks. On the iron surface is applied a ceramic enamel coating is then exposed to a high temperature, and it becomes very hard and durable. However, it can be damaged, which sometimes happens with enamelling. Minor cracks and chips can be filled with special solutions such as Por-a-Fix and Fill-a-Fix. Such sinks weigh more, but are long, although they are easier to install in the overhead models than integrated. If you like the glossy shell, cast iron – the best option. (The acrylic shell, you can choose as an alternative to glossy).
Strong available in different colors
Easy to care and cleaning
Longer retain the heat from the large mass (but longer heated)
Ceramic coating gives a nice glossy shine
Easy to install in the overhead models
Due to the heavy weight for integrated sinks requires reliable locking system and support
Over time, the ceramic coating can crack or flake off, unprotected iron can rust
Do not use abrasive cleaners to care, since they can damage the high-gloss finish
In light models may remain traces of heavy dishes (usually they are washed)
Acrylic sinks are affordable, easy to maintain and highly resistant to dirt. Acryl is a plastic, which betray a form of kitchen sink. Typically, for greater strength in the acrylic fiber added.
The smooth non-porous surface that is resistant to stains, easy to care for
Inexpensive, compared with sinks of other materials
The surface is renewed; scratches can be polished or sanded
It is easier to iron and fire clay
Do not tolerate high temperatures
It does not tolerate contact with oil-based materials
Sinks made of artificial stone made from the same material as the countertops. When combined with a top made of artificial stone, it creates a monolithic smooth surface without protrusions and corners in which debris or dirt can collect.
It forms a monolithic surface with worktop
There is overhead model with easy installation
Wear-resistant surface can be cleaned with a brush
Colour pigment penetrates into the depth of the material – scratches less noticeable
Deep scratches and cuts can be eliminated, as well as on the tabletops made of artificial stone
Not as sensitive to falling objects, like iron and stone sinks
It does not tolerate high temperatures and strong hot dishes
It may crack and break from the impact of heavy objects
For a seamless installation of necessary professional services
To eliminate scratches and bruises necessary professional services (typically being replaced)
Washers made of copper and brass has a very distinctive look. Over time, depending on the departure, on the surface it may appear patina antique. Ensure that the copper does not contain lead or mercury – the elements which are sometimes included in the copper alloy.
Stainless steel material with unique visual texture
Some copper alloys have antibacterial properties
Depending on the size and design may be expensive and extremely expensive
To preserve the beauty of polishing required
Stone sinks are made from different types of stone. The most popular are granite and soapstone, but you can also choose marble, onyx and travertine (travertine). Such sinks are heavy and require a solid support. They may be solid or consist of several stone plates connected together in a bowl shape. The bottom of the shells of several stone plates must be sufficiently oblique to all the water flowed into the pipe and did not stand in the bowl.
Wear-resistant and durable surface
Weighing well absorb the sound
Definitely a unique and interesting choices in terms of style and design
It may look rough, that combined not with all styles of design in the kitchen
Heavy, it needs to support the specially created design
Some stones have a porous surface to be treated regularly sealants
Sinks of enamelled steel can be an alternative to models of cast iron. They are lighter in weight and generally lower cost, while visually very similar materials. You can choose from a variety of colors. As well as iron, these sinks can be unpretentious in the care of the surface. Light weight can cause more noise, compared with shells made of cast iron.
It is easier and cheaper than models from enamelled cast iron
The relatively undemanding in care and cleaning
Visually similar to cast iron sinks
The cracks cause rust on the enamel, although they can be eliminated
It may be more noisy compared to cast-iron sinks
Some models may look cheap, not to become self-sufficient by mean of high quality cast iron sinks
Concrete sinks look stylish. Often they are made to order. By weight may be heavy. The concrete shell is not for everyone, so they talk about certain stylistic preferences. Custom, they can have any design details: the drain shelf, decoration or original shape and size of the cup. You can also buy prefabricated sink.
Available any design configuration
The unique design
It can be combined with a top made of concrete, for the creation of a seamless construction
To preserve the purity and water-repellent properties of the surface should be treated periodically with a sealant
Heavy weight, require special support
It may be expensive, especially when the individual manufacturing
Over time, may appear cracks and grooves
Composite sinks are made of crushed stone, usually granite or quartz, and a binder resin. The result is an artificial stone-like material, but resistant to high temperatures. The surface of the shell can be either smooth or rough. Sometimes these are called shell stone, but do not confuse them with the shells of hard stone, which is made from a single piece of stone or a different stone blocks.
Suffice wear-resistant, resistant to scratches and chips
It is better to respond to the higher temperature than the artificial stone
Color pigment penetrates deep into the material
Scratches and scrapes removed harder, especially on dark colors
Such materials with a rough surface harder to clean
Some owners believe that over time the coating loses luster
In addition to materials, such as installation and configuration of the sink there are a number of so-called final touches, which you need to know.
Wash size is determined by the size of the kitchen
Design sink you choose for yourself, but its size is usually depends on the size of the kitchen. Wash large in a small kitchen can literally absorb the entire space (even if there is a place for it). In accordance with standard guidelines for small kitchens suitable sink with one bowl, and for large – respectively sink with two bowls and more.
For large sinks may require bespoke furniture
Make sure your washer is correct for the lower row of cabinets, in which it will be fixed. Choosing a large diameter washer, do not forget about the width of your furniture.
To determine in advance with the shape of the mixer and other details
You need to know what type of faucet you want to buy (or the configuration of your mixer, if you change the old sink). You also need to decide whether you will use the additional option: cleaning systems for water, detergent dispenser, since they may need additional holes in the sink.
Shell usage type will help you choose the desired shape bowl
Think about how you use the sink every day. If you wash a lot of dishes by hand, you probably need a model with two bowls: one for washing and one for rinsing and drying. But if you mainly use the dishwasher, and only wash in the sink pots and pans, you no longer suitable sink with one large bowl or sink two bowls with a low rim between the bowls.
Advantages and disadvantages of deep bowls
In deep bowls is more convenient to wash bulky items. But you can, and very tired, if, depending on the growth of the hand will not touch the bottom of the bowl. Continuing to lean over the sink while washing dishes can be tedious. It is worth to take note if you are a lot of washing dishes by hand.
Choose the material that fits your lifestyle
There are more and less durable materials (see. Above). Will washing heavily used every day or she will benefit from an elderly couple? How hard you crockery and whether it may damage the enamel surface of the sink? If you use the sink rapidly, it is best to choose stainless steel, although some cleaning of composite stone can also be a good choice.
Some materials should be visible from the water less than in other
If you want your washing always look like new, consider the choice of materials and finishes, as well as possible with your hand clean. On the white enamel or acrylic washes traces of water will be less visible than in the dark or steel surfaces. If you want your steel shell always sparkled, you have to wipe it with a cloth after each use. This may sound impractical, but some manufacturers specify this information in their instructions for care.
Sink with a flat bottom and water stagnation
In some angle washes the bottom into a drain pipe is quite small, and some stone sinks made of separate pieces of stone, the bottom can simply be flat. As a result, the water can remain permanently on the bottom of the sink. Make sure that the selected model is not a shallow bottom.
Remember that for the normal outflow of water only a small bevel on the bottom. The photo shows a rather flat steel sink with edges at the bottom of the bowl, which is formed due to “cone” for proper water drainage. The flatter the bottom of the sink, the more water remains in it.
Use a plastic container (bowl) to protect shell
This may sound too simple, but the only option to protect the washing from falling dishes or other utensils may be a plastic basin. So you can choose a more “sensitive sink”, even for intensive use.
Style and ease of cleaning care
Rectangular sinks, as well as a zero radius sink look fashionable and technologically, but harder to care for them. If you do not hold to, over time, at the corners of the sink can accumulate a lot myalnyh residues and lime. It is easier to care for sinks with rounded edges.
Innovation in the design of sinks can be considered a combination of metal and plastic. You get a visual metal sink with a less capricious in care surface. Concrete wash plant production may be offered as stand-alone pieces of furniture or as part of the design countertop / sink.
It is important to understand that the washing – no longer just a pig-iron capacity from the past. They change as new technologies, and now there is a wide range of features and qualities, which are worth knowing. Information podkovannost allow you to choose the best for your kitchen sink.